The person suffering from agoraphobia experiences a fear so extreme they cannot go in public places, remaining isolated in their own home. In rare cases, the person will also experience high anxiety when left alone at home if they are used with somebody permanently with them. Panic attacks are the most common symptoms and the person will have them whenever they feel insecure. Other symptoms are high blood pressure, sweating, nausea, chocking, chest pains, shortness of breath, fear of being out of control, fear of dying, trembling, etc.
Agoraphobia usually occurs after 20+ years and it seems to affect more women than men.
-SSRIs and SNRIs
-cognitive behavioral therapy (10-20 visits):
- Learning to gain control over the feelings
- Recognizing and replace panic-causing thoughts
- Stress management
- Relaxation techniques
- Exposure therapy
Also, remember, if you suffer from panic disorder, an early treatment will prevent agoraphobia.
Further reading and sources:
Anxiety disorders, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR (4th ed.,) p. 429