1 – Plastic surgery has been around for a long time.
If you think plastic surgery is a new field in medicine, you are very wrong. Rhinoplasty was first developed in ancient
by a surgeon named Shushruta. India
His surgery is described with great detail in his treatise Shushruta Samhita. (you can find it here ) He developed techniques for reconstructing noses, genitalia, earlobes for people who were amputated as religious, criminal or military punishment.
Another great contributor to medicine was Aulus Cornelius Celsus, who wasn’t a doctor himself but an encyclopedist. Various plastic surgeries such as reconstruction of the lips, ears, and nose were published in his tome De Medicina. (you can find it here )
Some historians believe that De Medicina’s contents came from the writings of the
. The book contains methods of treating fractures and dislocation, dental surgery, etc. He was also an advocate of dissection, but that was prohibited in Greek and Roman religions. school of Hippocrates
Scar removal was also popular in
, especially for the slaves who wanted to get rid of the signs that showed their enslavement. Rome
2 – The first “boob job” was in 1895
Vincenz Czerny was an Austrian German surgeon. He used the adipose tissue from an lipoma to repair a patient’s asymmetry after tumor removal. He had many contributions in oncological and gynecological surgery and is called the "father of cosmetic breast surgery".
3 – Silicone was not always popular
Some of the materials used for breast implants will sound weird, but all failed interventions lead to great development in this field. There were experiments with paraffin injections, but despite it’s popularity, it had disastrous results like fistulas, granulomas and even tissue necrosis. Other disturbing materials and substances used for breast implants were ivory, glass balls, ground rubber, ox cartilage, polyethylene chips, silastic rubber, etc. Some of the other substances used after the Second World War were: petroleum jelly, beeswak, epoxy resin, etc. The results were terrible: women lost their breasts and some even lost their life.
Fortunately, breast enhancement techniques have minimal risks nowadays.
4 – In the Middle Ages some plastic surgeries were performed in barber shops
Barbers were very useful in the Middle Ages, especially because surgery was seen as pagan and it was wrong to alter the human body. However, costumers were able to come in barber shops for amputations, settle broken bones, cosmetic dentistry, etc. They were very useful during wars as there were not many physicians available.
5- Botox was used (and still is) for therapeutic purposes
At first, the botulinum toxin was not used for cosmetic purposes; actually, it turned out to be very effective in “uncontrollable blinking” (blepharospasm) and strabismus. Then, new medical procedures used botulinum toxin to treat excess sweating, muscle spasms, cervical dystonia and chronic migraine. It started being used as a cosmetic enhancer after two ophtalmologists published a study after noticing their patients had an improvement in glabellar lines (the lines between the eyebrows).
6- Blepharoplasty was done 3000 years ago
Blepharoplasty is the surgical modification of the eyelid. Although the term was coined in 19 century, this practice was used throughout
Egypt and . There are papyruses that give detailed explications on reconstruction surgery. Also, Aulus Cornelius Celsus describes how to make an incision in the skin to relax the eyelids. Rome
7 – The first advanced skin graft procedure was in 1917